PERSEPSI ISTRI TERHADAP KEKERASAN DALAM RUMAH TANGGA SETELAH BERLAKUNYA UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 23 TAHUN 2004
Fakultas Hukum Universitas Trunojoyo, Jalan Raya Telang PO BOX 2 Kamal,
Telp. 031-3012390, Email:
Fakultas Hukum Universitas Trunojoyo, Jalan Raya Telang
PO BOX 2 Kamal, Telp. 031-3012390.
At the present time, information which concerns on domestic violence is still rare. In most cases, wives are powerless against this violence. They also consider what happen to thenselves as personal issue that doesn’t need to be shared to other people. The special target of this research is getting comprehensive information on attitude and behavior of wives in facing domestic violence after the implementation of Regulation No. 23/2004 with its consequences. The research was conducted in Sub district Kota, District Bangkalan. Problems formulated in this research were wives’ attitude and consideration in urban society in dealing with domestic violence after the application of Regulation No. 23/2004. Data collection was done by in-depth interview with a preferred list of questions. Next, data classification was made based on educational background, employment, and working sector, whether it was formal or informal. The data analyzed by using qualitative method, so that it could be interpreted and described. The result of the research are, 1) in dealing with domestic violence, the wives decided not to take legal action, 2) some of its factors are a) religion aspect, Islamic law stated that husband may give corporal punishment to his wife and children, b) socio-cultural aspect, in which domestic violence is personal issue and a family problem that supposed to be properly kept, c) social status aspect, where wives a priority and respected position, moreover; in a situation where the husband has particular superiority, d) economic aspect, in which wives are unemployed and economically depended on their husbands.
Keyword: attitude, urban women, domestic violence, Regulation No. 23/2004.
STUDI EVALUASI TERHADAP AMANDEMEN UUD 1945
(AMANDEMEN SEBAGAI UPAYA PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN
HUKUM MASYARAKAT INDONESIA)
Septi Nur Wijayanti
Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Jalan Lingkar Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul, Yogyakarta 55183, Indonesia.
The four time amendments taking place in 1999, 2000, 2001 and 2002 still have weaknesses, especially in terms of substance when inconsistencies exist. For example 1) the presidential system applied which violates the system such as the president’s accountability to the People’s Consultative Assembly (not clearly stated), the intervention of the House of Representative to president’s policy implementation, impeachment given by People’s Consultative Assembly, and the unclear responsibilities and accountability of the vice president; 2) the unbalanced bargaining power of the Regional Representative Council (DPD) in form of bicameral representative in the House of Representative; and 3) the controversial existence of the Judicial Commission.
Therefore, an evaluation needs to be carried out to create a better constitution in the state administration. Running a nation should have a clear concept of a nation so that the politicians have strong principles to take action and create policies. On the other hand, the legal need of the people has to be fulfilled.
Key words: Amendments, evaluation, legal needs
KAJIAN TERHADAP PRINSIP KEADILAN DALAM
PEMUNGUTAN PAJAK DI INDONESIA
Fakultas Hukum Universitas Andalas,
Kampus Limau Manis, Padang, Indonesia
Fakultas Hukum Universitas Andalas
Kampus Limau Manis, Padang, Indonesia.
Basically, absolute tax regressive requires existence of accomplishment of justice principle either in its regulation formulation or its realization. Neglecting of justice principle in tax regressive in practical exactly will become counter productive for continuity of the country like incidence of revolution or rebellion. The problem is that concept of justice is a matter of abstract and very subjective, then parameter what is used to measure justice in tax regressive. Problems then continue to ill defined its realization of justice principle in execution of tax regressive in Indonesia, especially in Income tax. Research is conducted by using judicial formality-normative approach by bibliography research. Data that obtained then analysed in judicial formality qualitative and and demonstrate in descriptive judicial formality. The results of this research show that parameter already implementation of justice principle in tax regressive is existence of protection guarantee for citizen from action without considering power in compilation of taxation code and generalization accomodation and treatment in common in tax regressive. Meanwhile, justice principle already in tax regressive in our country, but its realization in formula Tax Defined Regulation and Incoming Tax Regulation uncommitted in totally, as a consequence both regulation have judicial formality weakness.
Keyword: tax regressive, justice and judicial formality weakness.
PENEGAKAN HUKUM TERHADAP MARAKNYA PEREDARAN
KASET/VCD BAJAKAN DI WILAYAH POLTABES
Fakultas Hukum Universitas Riau, Jalan Pattimura Nomor 9 Gobah,
Pekanbaru-Riau, Indonesia. Email:
The aim of the research is to identify the cause factors of the increasing distribution of pirated cassettes and VCDs and to identify the efforts that the government can do to overcome problem of the increasing distribution of pirated cassettes and VCDs in Pekanbaru city police area (POLTABES). This research is a juridical sociological research. There were two kinds of data used in this research. The first was primary data which were directly collected from the first source. The second was secondary data consisting of legal documents, law regulations and books. The data collections method used observations, questioners and interviews. The sample was collected using purposive sampling method. The findings show that the cause factors of the increasing distribution of pirated cassettes/VCDs in the area of Pekanbaru city police area are: first the lack of the merchants’ knowledge on the originality of the cassettes and VCDs; second, the price of pirated cassettes and VCDs which are much cheaper than the original ones; third, consumers’ choice which does not prioritize the quality; and fourth, the low law enforcement factor.
Keywords: distribution, cassette, VCD, pirated
FREEDOM OF RELIGION
IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF ISLAM, THE UNIVERSAL
DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHT AND INDONESIAN LEGAL SYSTEM
Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Jalan Lingkar Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul, Yogyakarta 55183, Indonesia.
This paper aims at examining the meaning of freedom of religion in the perspective of Islam, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Indonesian legal system. The meaning of freedom of religion is examined and compared in these perspectives because there is a recurrent problem regarding this human right in Indonesia which is mostly populated by Muslims. A phenomenon of aliran sesat (diverted religious organizations) emerge nowadays ripping religious harmony among people. These diverted religious organizations and their supporters claim that it is their right to do what they believe because it is protected by the Universal Declaration of Human Right and Indonesian law. However, the majority of Muslims consider them as humiliators of the religion itself, so they urge the government to stop and punish them. The government seem to be hasitated to enforce the law, thus, from one side the government is accused of not protecting and ensuring these diverted religious organizations in using their right and freedom, while from the other side it is accused of neglecting those who humiliate religion and break the other's human rights without any punishment. This study finds out that the law regarding freedom of religion in Indonesia is sufficient and what is needed is just the enforcement of this law to ensure the rights of all people. To reach the goals of this study, a descriptive-analytical approach is employed.
Keywords: Freedom of religion, Islam, Human Right, Indonesian Law and Aliran Sesat (Diverted Religious Organization).
ASAS KABOTASE DALAM INSTRUKSI PRESIDEN 5/2005:
SUDAHKAH MEMBERDAYAKAN INDUSTRI PELAYARAN NASIONAL?
Fakultas Hukum Universitas Airlangga, Jalan Dharmawangsa Dalam Selatan, Surabaya – 60286, Indonesia, Telpon. (031) 5023151 - 5023252, Fax. 031 – 5020454.
Indonesian shipping industry was dominated by foreign carrier vessels. This was happened because of the Indonesian government maritime policies, which were started in 1980s, were not at the side of national shipping industry. In 2005, the government has intended to revitalizing shipping industry by enacted the Presidential Instructim number 5 of 2005 (Inpres 5/2005). This Article discusses the implementation of this Instruction that was launched on 28 March 2005. This Instruction consists of cabotage principle that should be imposed in Indonesia. However, there are many other considerations to be observed to the proper implementation of this principle. This Article analyzes these considerations as well as anticipatory policies should be done.
Key words: Kabotase, Inpres 5/2005, Industri Pelayaran, Maritim, Shippping Industry
MEMAHAMI PEMBUBARAN PARTAI POLITIK (PARPOL)
ERA ORDE LAMA DI INDONESIA
Fakultas Hukum dan Pascasarjana Ilmu Hukum Universitas Widyagama Malang, Jalan Terusan Borobudur 12 Malang, Indonesia, Telp. (034) 492282, 491648, Fax. (0341) 496919/403103.
Kehidupan Partai Politik Era Orde Lama (Orla) mengalami pasang surut sesuai dengan kehendak penguasa. Kehidupan parpol mengalami pasang/tumbuh ketika diterapkannya demokrasi parlementer dan lahirnya Maklumat Politik Pemerintah No. X. Disinilah awal dari tumbuh suburnya multi partai di Indonesia. Namun suasana kehidupan pemerintahan ini menjadi bomerang bagi penguasa Orla karena banyaknya partai ternyata menjadikan pemerintahan menjadi lemah dan tidak efektif. Dalam suasana ini akhirnya pilihan keputusan yang diambil bagaimana menyederhanakan kehidupan parpol. Melalui Demokrasi Terpimpin maka Soekarno mencoba menerapkan gaya kepemimpinan represif, yang menyebabkan beberapa parpol ada pada status dibubarkan, diakui/tidak diakui, ditolak untuk mendapat pengakuan sebagai partai politik. Setelah diidentifikasi ternyata latar belakang pembubaran parpol era Orla adalah didasarkan kepada beberapa kenyataan, yakni, kerapuhan sistem pemerintahan, efektivitas pemerintahan, dan kecenderungan untuk menguatkan kekuasaan presiden. Demikian juga dengan cara membubarkan Parpol masih diwarnai dengan tingginya intervensi penguasa terhadap pemegang kekuasaan yudikatif.
Kata Kunci: Partai politik, Pembubaran Parpol, Orde Lama.
TINJAUAN YURIDIS KENDALA-KENDALA DALAM PENYELESAIAN
STATUS HUKUM TANAH BEKAS SWAPRAJA/SULTAN GROND
DI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA
Fakultas Hukum Universitas Pelita Harapan, UPH Tower Lippo Karawaci
Jalan M.H. Thamrin Boulevard, Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang 15811, Indonesia. Telpon (021) 5460901 ext. 1540. Email:
The increasing development activities in various sector cannot be separated from the availability of lands as the location of the development. The Sultan land (Sultan grond) is also included in the target of fulfilment of the development needs. This research aims to analyze the status of ex-swapraja (Sultan Grond/SG and Paku Alaman Grond/PAG) which is matched against the fourth Dictum Letter A and B Regulation No. 5 1960. The data collection was conducted by making use of list of open-ended questions. The data analysis used was qualitative approach which resulted in descriptive, and then content analysis was performed. Prior to the application of Regulation No 5 1960 on the Agrarian Principle act (UUPA), the agrarian issues in Yogyakarta Special Region was regulated by RK and RPA and a number of government regulations of the province. However, UUPA cannot yet be applied because the fourth dictum letter A and B states that the swapraja and ex-swapraja land will be further regulated in government regulations which have not yet been issued.
Key words: Agrarian Principle Act, Sultan Grond, Government regulation
PEMBATASAN ASAS KEBEBASAN BERKONTRAK DALAM PERJANJIAN
Leli Joko Suryono
Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Jalan Lingkar Selatan, Tamantirto, Kasihan, Bantul, Yogyakarta 55183, Telp. (0274) 387 656, Fax. (0274) 387 646, Indonesia.
Party autonomy or freedom of contract still becomes an important point in contracts in civil law, common law and other law systems. This is due to the universal nature of party autonomy that applies in every country. Furthermore, the freedom of contract is a form of human right. The freedom of contract can reach the justice if all parties have equal bargaining power. The fact that the parties do not have equal positions may harm the parties who are in weaker position. Considering the above point, party autonomy in an agreement is limited by the state’s laws, judges’ decisions and people’s economic practices. This is because the growing assumption that a firm hold on the party autonomy may lead to unjust contract.
Keywords: Limiting, party autonomy, contract
POLITIK KRIMINAL DALAM PENANGGULANGAN
KEJAHATAN CAROK DI PAMEKASAN
Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Jalan Raya Dukuhwaluh, Kembaran, Purwokerto 53182, Indonesia, Telpon (0281) 636751 ext. 215,
Fax (0281) 637239. Email:
Carok in Maduranese society has been a tradition. Carok can raise problems because they may injure or kill a number of people. Also, physical conflicts as a form of taking revenge between the conflicting parties might take place anytime. The causes of Carok existence are women, land, water, misunderstanding and so on. This is closely related to maloh or shame caused by outsiders, which makes someone feel tadek ajinah or unworthy. The efforts conducted by the law enforcement officers to prevent crime (carok) in Pamekasan comprise of preventive actions in which the law enforcement officers, government officials (ulemas) becomes the mediators to the conflicting parties. The non judicial repressive action is conducted by intensifying sweeping the weapons. Also, the law enforcement officers have the judicial repressive actions in which they handle the carok cases as justly and professionally as possible.
Key words: Carok, Maduranese Culture, Crime politics.
ANALISIS SISTEM PERTANGUNGJAWABAN NEGARA PELUNCUR ATAS KERUGIAN YANG DITIMBULKAN OLEH JATUHNYA BENDA ANTARIKSA
Pusat Analisis dan Informasi Kedirgantaraan (Pussisfogan), LAPAN, Jalan Cisadane
Nomor 25, Cikini, Jakarta Pusat, 10330, Telpon (021) 31927982, Indonesia.
The development of space technology are more space objects to launch into outer space. Besides the advantages, the launching space activities for several purposes also has some problems such as collision between them, collision between space object and space debris, the fault of launching space object, more over if the space object uses of nucler power sources. When the space activities was dominated by state, the terms of launching state did not have any problem to application. The pursue of space activities and changing of actors of space activities from the State to international organization and private, hence, application of the terms of launching states apply to some cases viewed isnot correctly. According to it, UNCOPUOS have considered to efford changing the meaning of launching state. This paper investigates on liability of launching states of damages by space objects.
Key words : system, responsibility, launching state, damages, fault space objects.
PROSPEK DAN TANTANGAN PEMERINTAHAN GAMPONG DI ACEH
Fakultas Hukum Universitas Syiah Kuala, Jalan Putroe Phang Nomor 1,
Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Indonesia. Email:
The concept of Gampong government has been well known since the Kingdom of Sultan Iskandar Muda (1607 – 1636). After the independence of Indonesia, the concept of gampong is still consistently used. The uniformity began when Regulation No 5/1979 on Village Regulation. Gampong Government started to be active after the reformation era, where there were a number of Autonomy Region Regulations in Aceh. Based on the investigation, it was found that there were several differences between Gampong Government and Village Regulation. One of them is the officials.
Key words: Gampong, government, Aceh